Do you have basic Python skills but are not sure what job you can land? It is a widely known fact that IT specialists are in great demand nowadays and Python developers are not an exception. However, even if you have enough experience in Python programming or just want to master these skills, you should understand what career opportunities are waiting for you if you select this path. You will agree that Python developer career path cannot be called easy and predictable since it requires patience, desire to learn and perseverance, but it is possible to take a successful place in this niche if you have a clear representation of how to achieve high results.
Look: this article will focus on the main aspects of Python career path and how to achieve success in this job
Why you should learn python
Python is a popular open-source programming language used for developing apps and web services. It is a general-purpose coding language that also allows testing and writing scripts. Despite the fact that it can’t be called the most popular development tool, demand for it is constantly growing having taken it to the fourth position by the popularity of programming languages according to TIOBE Programming Community index. It has improved its positions by 4 points in comparison with the previous year and nowadays it was adopted as a primary language by over 40 large organizations all over the globe. If you still doubt Python popularity, you should find out that much new code of such popular web platforms as Facebook, YouTube, DropBox, Pinterest, and others has been written with the help of Python too. Even Google has made Python its secondary coding language that is clear evidence of its popularity.
If the popularity of this coding language is not a decisive factor for its choice for building a Python developer career path, it is necessary to consider several more reasons why it is worth your effort:
- Easier to learn. Since this coding language is aspect-oriented it features multiple modules with different functionality. There is a clear basic syntax, readability, and semantics as well as not much difference between its versions, so it is easy to adjust to them. As a result, it allows reducing the cost of program maintenance and speeds up the development process. It is also a productive language that guarantees versatility and endless opportunities.
Nowadays, it is not a problem to learn Python since the number of training institutes, programs, platforms is very big and you can easily find plenty of information and examples on this topic online. Not only colleges and universities offer computer science directions to study. Every person who has access to the Internet can read Python tutorials, look through the examples of code as well as watch guides on such popular learning platforms as Udemy, for example.
- Developer friendly. This is an open-source language so there is an abundance of information from and about it on the web. It has a massive developer community that can always help beginners and advanced developers to solve any issues solved. There is also a great standard library that prevents developers from a necessity to write long codes as well as over 125,000 third-party libraries to take information from.
- Many career opportunities. Python is the world’s fastest-growing coding language at the moment. Consequently, the number of employers who need professionals in this sphere is constantly growing too. It is the second most popular language on GitHub and you can easily find hundreds of open vacancies for these specialists in the search results. It also provides developers with an opportunity to work from home and be employed in the world’s largest companies living in small towns.
- High salary. It is not a secret that the IT sphere is one of the most highly paid ones. Since the number of jobs for Python specialists is big enough (over 55 thousand jobs only in the US), the salary differs depending on the vacancy and amount of job done, though it is highly competitive in the market.
- Possibility to keep up with modern trends. Since Python is developing incessantly, it will soon take leading positions in three basic areas such as Artificial Intelligence, Networking, and the Big Data. It means that such specialists will be able to apply their knowledge to practice in the future too.
Career options for Python developer
When it comes to a career for Python developer, people mistakenly believe that the only solution for such professionals is app development. However, the application of this coding language is much more extensive than you could think at the very beginning. In fact, it is possible to apply it in several domains:
- Web development and frameworks;
- Game development;
- Big data;
- Web testing;
- Artificial intelligence/data science;
- Smart devices.
It means that in addition to web and app development, such a professional can deal with the creation of applications for mobile devices, test apps, and web services, make up different video, online, casino games, deal with innovative solutions such as AI, etc. As a result, Python fundamental programming abilities can provide a person with several career options to choose from.
It is natural that different career opportunities allow choosing among several jobs. In fact, if you are knowledgeable in Python coding language and have completed several projects successfully to present them in your career profile, you can select from the following positions available in the market:
- Python developer
Being the most predictable solution for people fluent in this language, this job involves the following responsibilities:
- Building websites;
- Optimization of data algorithms;
- Solution of data analytics problems;
- Security and data protection implementation;
- Code writing.
Every Python developer should be able not only to write code but also to test it, debug programs, integrate apps with 3rd party services, implement security and data protection etc.
- Product manager
The job of product manager involves the research of new user features, finding gaps in the market, analyzing different kinds of data for reporting. It is the last responsibility that makes Python must-know language to be able to crunch data efficiently and quickly.
- Data Analyst
It can be a real challenge to look through big sets of data – one of the basic responsibilities of a data analyst. But with special Python libraries such as SciPy and Pandas it can be fast and easy. This language plays a very significant role when it comes to machine learning, so it is really a big deal to find a data analyst with Python experience.
Python can be not only applied to on practice but also be used as a field to teach others. If you are experienced enough in coding using this language and can share your theoretical and practical knowledge, it is possible to become a computer science instructor. This profession is very popular with many educational establishments and online teaching platforms, so why not try it too?
- Software Engineer
Being similar to developer job, Python software engineer’s responsibilities usually involve:
- Web and application development;
- Use of machine learning to build robust systems for anomaly detection and analysis;
- Building dynamic and reliable user experiences.
It should usually have experience in full-stack software development and data processing to be able to complete a project from A to Z.
In fact, the knowledge of the Python programming language will be an advantage in multiple professions. Moreover, this list of jobs is not full, of course, since with coding experience, it is possible to become a data scientist, research analyst, software developer, financial advisor, data journalist, tester, etc. This list can be quite long, but one of the main features to unite all these specialists is a deep knowledge of Python programming, undoubtedly.
If you want to build a Python developer career, one of the main things to interest you is, of course, a salary you will earn doing your job. However, it is difficult to determine the exact number since the salary amount usually depends on several factors. The most important ones of them are skill set, level of expertise, and location. The salary of a Python developer working in a big company of Seattle will differ greatly from one offered to a junior Python developer offering services in one of the small Nevada towns. Therefore, it would be reasonable to analyze the range of salaries offered and the median pay for this job in the US. Moreover, every service has its own data of the median salary to consider.
According to Payscale’s data, the average salary of a Python developer is $77,362 per year and it is worth saying, that it is the lowest figure in the current survey. At the beginning of 2019, Glassdoor has estimated a median salary for the same profession at $92,000. When it comes to data from Indeed.com and ZipRecruiter, these figures are much higher – $123,656 and $111,896 respectively.
At the same time, if to consider data provided by ZipRecruiter on the basis of the expert is level, this is a median salary of a mid-level developer majoring in Python programming. Entry-level and junior developers get smaller annual income estimated at $78,176 and $89,776 respectively. If a person is applying for the position of the senior developer, he can hope for about $122,093 on average.
One more important factor to impact the salary of web developers is, of course, a job location. According to Payscale, the highest-paid Python professionals are in California and their salary is up to 30% higher than the national average around the country. When it comes to the cities where you will not get much for this job, these are Denver, Washington, Austin, Chicago, and others.
What does it mean to be a Python developer? What knowledge and skills should you have to get a successful career as Python developer? In fact, this list can be very long so we .ca to us on the basic requirements issued by most of the employers who search for professional developers:
- Deep understanding of core Python concepts. They include good knowledge of data structures, OOPs concepts, variables and data types, file handling concepts, exception handling, generators, iterators, etc.
- Knowledge of basic frameworks and front-end technologies. A developer should be aware of such frameworks as Django, Flask, and CherryPy as well as have a sound knowledge of other front-end technologies.
- Data science. A good developer should be able to visualize, analyze, wrangle and clean up data, have a good knowledge of SQL and enough experience in dealing with Python packages like NumPy, MatPlotlib, Scikit learn, etc.
- Analytics, design, and problem-solving skills. Every developer should have a good understanding of algorithms written, be able to design scalable products and solve any issues faced during the development process.
- Communication skills. It is very important for every developer to contribute to the work of the whole team and excellent communication skills and the ability to present your viewpoint in an efficient manner are a necessity.
- Being familiar with Object Relational Mapper. ORM provide a high-level abstraction upon a relational database and it allows developers to write code instead of SQL for creating, reading, updating and deleting data and schemas in their database.
- Understanding of Python limitations and multi-process architecture. Every coding language is not perfect so a good understanding of the architecture and its drawbacks are must-have skills for every developer.
- Logical thinking. Every project code must have a certain structure and be written logically to operate correctly.
Every person wants to achieve heights in the career since it is one of the main life goals. If you have chosen the IT sphere and Python programming language as the main direction for your career opportunities, it is very important to understand what requirements are there, which jobs you can land being a Python expert, and what salary you can hope for taking one or another position. This article has focused on the main aspects of Python developer career path and provided advice on how to achieve success in this sphere.